Water-Soluble Osmium Complexes Suitable for use in Luminescence-Based, Hydrogel-Supported Sensors

Amy M. Wagner, Elizabethtown College
Sarah A. Strohecker, Elizabethtown College
Elizabeth K. Costello, Elizabethtown College
Jeffrey A. Rood, Elizabethtown College
Kristi A. Kneas, Elizabethtown College


Osmium transition metal complexes are of particular interest in luminescence-based sensing applications because of their longer wavelength absorptions and emissions, relative to similar ruthenium and rhenium complexes, that allow for inexpensive excitation and minimize interferences from autofluorescence when the sensor is used in biological samples. Reported here are the photophysical properties of a series of water-soluble osmium complexes suitable for use in hydrogel-based sensors: [Os(bpy) (sulf-dpp)]Cl , [Os(phen) (sulf-dpp)]Cl , [Os(dpp) (sulf-dpp)]Cl , and [Os(CO) Cl (sulf-dpp)], where bpy is 2,2′-bipyridine, phen is 1,10-phenanthroline, dpp is 4,7-diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline, and sulf-dpp is bathophenanthrolinedisulfonic acid disodium salt. The family of complexes showed minimal oxygen quenching, making them particularly well-suited for sensing applications in which oxygen concentration varies. Luminescence anisotropy was found to depend more significantly on net dipole moment than hydrodynamic radius of the molecule, and, as expected, excited state lifetime and luminescence anisotropy were highly dependent on the local environment of the reporter molecule. Results obtained for hydrogel-based relative humidity sensors containing [Os(CO) Cl (sulf-dpp)] and [Os(bpy) (sulf-dpp)]Cl complexes highlight the significant potential for this class of compounds in a hydrogel-supported luminescence-based sensing approach. 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2